Comprehensive List of
U.S. Federal Employment Laws

Throughout the 20th century, the federal government passed multiple laws that provide employees with essential workplace protections. These laws have allowed for the creation of a minimum wage, established minimum workplace safety guidelines and place limits on child labor. Let’s take a closer look at the legislation that has played a key role in defining the relationship between employees and management.

The Occupational Safety and Health Act Minimizes the Risk of Injury

The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) requires employers to create mitigation plans for known workplace hazards. Furthermore, the law mandates that companies take action in the event that a previously unknown hazard is discovered. In certain situations, workers are allowed to withhold their services if they have a good faith belief that performing tasks would result in injury, illness, or death. If you are hurt at work, the Potts Law Firm may be able to help you pursue compensation for medical bills, lost wages or other damages.

The Fair Labor Standards Act Ensures That Workers Are Paid for Their Services

As of June 2009, the federal minimum wage has been set at $7.25, and this minimum standard exists because of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). However, companies may pay workers under the age of 20 a lower wage during their first 90 days of employment. Furthermore, states are permitted to offer a minimum wage that is higher than the one set by the federal government. If an individual works more than 40 hours in a given week, the FLSA says that he or she is entitled to overtime pay equal to 150% of his or her average wage.

The National Labor Relations Act Protects the Right to Unionize

According to the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), employees cannot be penalized by their employers for joining a union. In addition, employers cannot retaliate against individuals for merely inquiring about creating a union. Companies that violate the NLRA may be subject to various financial penalties, and victims of wrongful termination may be entitled to receive back pay, the value of lost benefits and reinstatement to their previous positions. If you have been wrongfully terminated, contact the Potts Law Firm to learn more about how you can hold your employer accountable for its actions.

The Family and Medical Leave Act Provides Peace of Mind During an Illness

Passed in 1993, the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) provides employees with up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave per year to deal with physical or mental health issues. The law also allows individuals to step away from their jobs to help care for an ill parent, child, or spouse. Employers must allow employees to return to their positions upon returning from FMLA leave.

The Employee Retirement Income Security Act Guards Against Benefit Fraud

The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) ensures that health, death, or other benefits will be available whenever you have the right to access them. This legislation requires employers to place any funds designated to cover the cost of vacation, medical or other benefits with an accredited financial institution. Employers must also ensure that funds are available to cover the cost of job training, legal or other services that they provide to their workers.

Older Workers May Be Covered by the Age Discrimination in Employment Act

Workers over the age of 40 are typically protected against employment discrimination by the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA). It forbids companies from using age as the primary factor when making employment decisions involving older workers. These decisions may include hiring, terminating, or allowing an individual to take part in a job training program. If you believe that you have been the victim of age discrimination, the Potts Law Firm may be able to help with your case.